Male hormone suppression drugs

The second theory is similar and is known as "evolutionary neuroandrogenic (ENA) theory of male aggression". [77] [78] Testosterone and other androgens have evolved to masculinize a brain in order to be competitive even to the point of risking harm to the person and others. By doing so, individuals with masculinized brains as a result of pre-natal and adult life testosterone and androgens enhance their resource acquiring abilities in order to survive, attract and copulate with mates as much as possible. [77] The masculinization of the brain is not just mediated by testosterone levels at the adult stage, but also testosterone exposure in the womb as a fetus. Higher pre-natal testosterone indicated by a low digit ratio as well as adult testosterone levels increased risk of fouls or aggression among male players in a soccer game. [79] Studies have also found higher pre-natal testosterone or lower digit ratio to be correlated with higher aggression in males. [80] [81] [82] [83] [84]

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You, your endocrinologist, and your referring mental health professional should be partners in your medical care. Ask about the possibilities and limitations of sex reassignment so that you can make informed decisions. Be sure that you understand the effects of hormone suppression and cross-sex hormone treatment before you start endocrine therapy. In particular, ask about its effects on fertility and about available options that may improve the chances of future fertility, if that is a concern for you. Follow your doctor’s advice for treatment and see him or her regularly for testing and monitoring of your condition. It is important to make needed changes before serious complications develop.

Dihydrotestosterone (DHT) (referred to as androstanolone or stanolone when used medically) can also be used in place of testosterone as an androgen. The availability of DHT is limited; it is not available in the United States or Canada, for instance, but it is available in certain European countries, including the United Kingdom , France , Spain , Belgium , Italy , and Luxembourg . [5] DHT is available in formulations including topical gel, buccal or sublingual tablets, and as esters in oil for intramuscular injection. [6] Relative to testosterone, and similarly to many synthetic AAS, DHT has the potential advantages of not being locally potentiated in so-called androgenic tissues that express 5α-reductase (as DHT is already 5α-reduced) and of not being aromatized into an estrogen (it is not a substrate for aromatase).

AB - Methods to restore fertility of men and women sterilized by medical treatments and environmental toxicant exposures are under investigation. Rendering spermatogenesis and ovarian follicular development kinetically quiescent by suppression of gonadotropins has been proposed to protect them from damage by cytotoxic therapy. Although the method fails to protect the fertility of male mice and monkeys, gonadotropin and testosterone suppression in rats before or after cytotoxic therapy do enhance the recovery of spermatogenesis. However, the mechanism involves not the induction of quiescence but rather the reversal, by suppression of testosterone, of a block in differentiation of surviving spermatogonia caused by damage to the somatic environment. In men, only one of eight clinical trials was successful in protecting or restoring spermatogenesis after cytotoxic therapy. In women, protection of primordial follicles in several species from damage by cytotoxic agents using GnRH analogs has been claimed; however, only two studies in mice appear convincing. The protection cannot involve the induction of quiescence in the already dormant primordial follicle but may involve direct effects of GnRH analogs or indirect effects of gonadotropin suppression on the whole ovary. Although numerous studies in female patients undergoing chemotherapy indicate that GnRH analogs might be protective of ovarian function, none of the studies showing protection were prospective randomized clinical trials and thus they are inconclusive. Considering interspecies differences and similarities in the gonadal sensitivity to cytotoxic agents and hormones, mechanistic studies are needed to identify the specific beneficial effects of hormonal suppression in select animal models that may be applicable to humans.

Male hormone suppression drugs

male hormone suppression drugs

Dihydrotestosterone (DHT) (referred to as androstanolone or stanolone when used medically) can also be used in place of testosterone as an androgen. The availability of DHT is limited; it is not available in the United States or Canada, for instance, but it is available in certain European countries, including the United Kingdom , France , Spain , Belgium , Italy , and Luxembourg . [5] DHT is available in formulations including topical gel, buccal or sublingual tablets, and as esters in oil for intramuscular injection. [6] Relative to testosterone, and similarly to many synthetic AAS, DHT has the potential advantages of not being locally potentiated in so-called androgenic tissues that express 5α-reductase (as DHT is already 5α-reduced) and of not being aromatized into an estrogen (it is not a substrate for aromatase).

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