USAV Rule The server must contact the ball within 8 seconds after the referee whistles for serve.
USAV Rule for 14 years and younger The server must contact the ball within 5 seconds after the referee whistles for serve. If the ball after being tossed or released by the server, lands without touching the player, it is considered a service tossing error. After the tossing error, the referee authorizes services again and the server must execute it within 5 seconds. One service tossing error is permitted for each service.
SEC. 3 Eliminating the Opposing Players
A player is out if:
• They throw a ball that is caught by the other team.
• They get hit by a ball thrown by the other team. (If the ball does bounce off an opposing player and is then caught the thrower will then be out. This is true even if a different player catches the ball. However if the ball bounces off another ball, the ball is dead. ). Players may use the ball to block; however, if the ball is knocked out of their hand while blocking, they will be out.
• They hit another player above the shoulders.
• They cross the center line.